Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander

A person who:

  • is of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent, and
  • identifies as being of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander origin, and
  • is accepted as such by the community with which the person is associated.

Note: this term is interchangeable with Indigenous Australian.

ACT Government Training Initiative

Any training initiative which is subsidised by the ACT Government. Training initiatives may target specific student groups, such as equity groups and/or specific skills and qualifications. Specific contractual provisions apply for each initiative.

ACT Qualifications Register

A register containing information about qualifications available through ACT Government training initiatives, including approved RTOs.

ACT Skills Needs List

Identifies the ACT priorities for vocational education and training in the ACT at a qualification level. The list allows targeted funding of training for the development of a productive and highly skilled workforce to contribute to the ACT’s economic future.

Additional Support

Individual support provided to a student to undertake and/or complete a training course or qualification under an ACT Government training initiative. This could include interpreter services, learning support, mentoring, counselling, and note-taking. RTOs may identify that a student requires additional support at the time of enrolment, during the initiatial skills assessment, or anytime during the delivery of training.

Alternative training program

A year 10 or year 12 equivalent program outside of a mainstream/traditional secondary school or college context. For example, Access10, CIT Year 12 or CCCares.

Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF)

The framework for regulated qualifications in the Australian education and training system, as agreed by the Commonwealth, State and Territory ministerial council with responsibility for higher education. (Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015)

Australian Apprenticeship
  • Combination of practical work on-the-job, with structured training to achieve a nationally recognised qualification under a National Training Contract. More information is available at the Australian Apprenticeships website.
  • Involves a student and employer.
Australian Network Provider (ANP)

Provide information, administration services and support to employers and Australian Apprentices. They assist with the sign-up of training contracts and also assess, approve and process information which underpins the payment of Australian Government incentives to eligible employers and personal benefits to eligible Australian Apprentices.

Australian School-Based Apprenticeship (ASBA)

Part of the national Australian Apprenticeships system. ASBAs provides school students with the opportunity to combine practical paid work with structured training as part of their education program to achieve a nationally recognised qualification.

Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA)

National regulator for Australia’s vocational education and training sector.


ACT Vocational Education and Training Administration Records System (AVETARS) is the system for managing the administration of ACT Government training initiatives. AVETARS includes RTO, student, employer, AAC and school portals.


Credit Transfer

Granting of status or credit by an institution or training organisation for nationally recognised units of competency completed at the same or another institution or training organisation.



Chief Minister, Treasury and Economic Development Directorate includes any officer of that Directorate who is authorised by the Director-General to perform the functions of the Directorate. Also see State Training Authority.


Employment Service Provider (ESP)

Organisation funded by the Australian Government to provide people from all backgrounds with access to services and support to help them overcome barriers and develop the required skills to gain employment and participate in society. They include Job Services Australia (JSA) providers and Disability Employment Services (DES) providers.


Foundation Skills

Foundation skills are defined in the National Foundation Skills Strategy for Adults (2012) as the combination of:

  • LLN – listening, speaking, reading, writing, digital literacy and use of mathematical ideas; and
  • employability skills, such as collaboration, problem solving, self-management, learning and ICT skills required for participation in modern workplaces and contemporary life.



The bodies that have a stake in the services provided by registered training organisations. These can include, but are not limited to:

  • enterprise/industry clients eg. employers;
  • group training organisations;
  • industry organisations;
  • industry regulators;
  • industry skills councils or similar bodies;
  • industry training advisory bodies; and
  • unions.

(Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015)

Industry Skills Councils (ISC)

ISCs are funded by the Australian Government to bring together industry, educators and governments to establish a common industry-led agenda for skills and workforce development. There are a number of ISCs which represent the major industry groups.


Job Seeker

Person who is either actively seeking work or preparing to seek work. Eligibility criteria may vary according to the training initiative. Refer to the specific training initiative ACT Standards Compliance Guides.


Language, Literacy and Numeracy (LLN)

Component of foundation skills.

  • Language – refers to the understanding and use of spoken and written English.
  • Literacy – refers to the integration of listening, speaking, reading, writing and critical thinking. It incorporates numeracy and it includes the cultural knowledge that enables a speaker, writer or reader to recognise and use language appropriate to different social situations.
  • Numeracy – refers to the ability to use mathematics effectively to meet the general demands of life at home, in paid work and for participation in community and civic life.
Long term unemployed

A person who has been registered as unemployed for at least the last 52 weeks.


Minimum tuition fee

The minimum student fee the registered training organisation must charge for Skilled Capital qualifications.


National register

See TGA. The registered maintained by the Commonwealth Department responsible for vocational education and training and referred to in Section 216 of the National Vocational Education and Training Regulator Act 2011. (Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015)


Person with a disability

Person that identifies as having a disability (intellectual, mental health, physical) that impacts on the person's ability to undertake training and work in the chosen qualification and may result in the person requiring additional training and/or work-related support services and/or modifications.


Qualification Certificate

Formal certification awarded by an accredited authority in recognition of the successful completion of an educational program. Qualification certificates are awarded when a person has met the RTO requirements and has satisfied all requirements of the units of competency that comprise an AQF qualification, as specified by a nationally endorsed training package or an accredited course that provides training for that qualification.


Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

An assessment process that assesses the competency(s) of an individual that may have been acquired through formal, non-formal and informal learning to determine the extent to that individual meets the requirements specified in the training package or VET accredited courses.

  • Formal learning refers to learning that takes place through a structured program of instruction and is linked to the attainment of an AQF qualification or statement of attainment (for example, aa certificate, diploma or university degree);
  • Non-formal learning refers to learning that takes place through a structured program of instruction, but does not lead to the attainment of an AQF qualification or statement of attainment (for example, in house professional development programs conducted by a business); and
  • Informal learning refer to learning that results through experience of work-related, social, family, hobby or leisure activities (for example the acquisition of interpersonal skills developed through several years as a sales representative.

(Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015)

Registered Training Organisation (RTO)

Training organisation registered to provide vocational education and training and/or assessment services and issue nationally recognised qualifications. All RTOs are required to meet the Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015. The nationally recognised qualifications an RTO can issue are defined by its scope of registration as listed on training.gov.au. See TGA.


Scope of Registration

The training products for which an RTO is registered to issue AQF certification documentation. It allows the RTO to:

  • both provide training delivery and assessment resulting in the issuance of AQF certification documentation by the RTO; or
  • provide assessment resulting in the issuance of AQF certification documentation by the RTO.

(Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015)

State Training Authority (STA)

The Directorate is an administrative unit of the ACT Government that acts as the State Training Authority in the ACT. The Directorate is responsible and accountable for the provision of strategic advice on ACT vocational education and training. As the STA, the Directorate administers ACT and Australian Government funds for a variety of training initiatives and is responsible for the approval and variation of training contracts for Australian Apprenticeships in the ACT.

Statement of Attainment

A statement issued to a person confirming that the person has satisfied the requirements for the unit/s of competency or accredited short course specified in the statement. (Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015)

Student Identifier

Has the meaning given in the Student Identifiers Act 2014 (Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015).



The process used by a registered training organisation, or a third party delivering services on its behalf, to facilitate learning and the acquisition of competencies in relation to the training product on the registered training organisation's scope of registration.

Training.gov.au (TGA)

The national register of information on training packages, qualifications, accredited courses, units of competency and RTOs located at training.gov.au. See TGA. See also National Register.

Training Package

The components of a training package endorsed by the Industry and Skills Council or its delegate in accordance with the Standards for Training Packages. The endorsed components of a Training Package are: units of competency; assessment requirements (associated with each unit of competency); qualifications; and credit arrangements. The endorsed components form part of the requirements that an RTO must meet under the Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015. A training package also consists of a non-endorsed, quality assured companion volume/s which contains industry advice to RTOs on different aspects of implementation. (Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015)

Training Providers

See registered training organisation.


Unique Student Identifier (USI)

Students studying nationally recognised training in Australia from 1 January 2015 will be required to have a USI. A USI provides students with access to an online account that contains all of their training records and results (transcript) for training completed from 1 January 2015 onwards. Students can create their USI account using the USI website at www.usi.gov.au. See Student Identifier.

Unit of Competency

The specification of the standards of performance required in the workplace as defined in a training package. (Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015)



Vocational education and training.

VET Quality Framework (VQF)


  • the Standards for Registered Training Organisations
  • the Australian Qualifications Framework
  • the Fit and Proper Person Requirements
  • the Financial Viability Risk Assessment Requirements
  • the Data Provision Requirements.

(Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015)


Work Experience Placement

Period of unpaid work with an employer undertaken by vocational education and training students to complement and/or support a course or unit of competency, with supervision provided by the employer, the training provider or both.

Wrap Around Services

Support services that will significantly assist students to remain engaged in the training process and to successfully progress to further training and/or employment.


Youth At Risk

A young person between 15 – 24 years-of-age who is at risk of disengaging from education and employment.